GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyrate) is a central nervous system depressant, often referred to as the “date-rape” drug.
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What Are the Different Forms of GHB?
- An odorless, colorless liquid form
- White powder material
How Is GHB Used?
- Usually ingested in a liquid mixture; most commonly mixed with alcohol
Who Uses GHB?
- GHB has become popular among teens and young adults at dance clubs and “raves.”
- Body builders sometimes use GHB for its alleged anabolic effects.
How Does GHB Get to the United States?
- Because the drug is easy to synthesize and manufacture, local operators usually handle distribution.
- The production of GHB usually involves the use of lye or drain cleaner mixed with GBL, a chemical cousin of GHB and an industrial solvent often used to strip floors.
How Much Does GHB Cost?
- GHB is usually sold by the capful, and sells for $5 to $25 per cap.
What Are Some Consequences of GHB Use?
- In lower doses, GHB causes drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, and visual disturbances.
- At higher dosages, unconsciousness, seizures, severe respiratory depression, and coma can occur.
- Overdoses usually require emergency room treatment, including intensive care for respiratory depression and coma. As of November 2000, DEA documented 71 GHB-related deaths.
- GHB has been used in the commission of sexual assaults because it renders the victim incapable of resisting, and may cause memory problems that could complicate case prosecution.